General Practitioners

General practitioners are physicians who treats patients of all age groups and sexes, and treat the person as a whole. They give due importance to biological, psychological, environmental and social factors that may have contributed to the patient’s illness. The general physicians have the ability to handle patients with multiple health problems and will promptly refer the case to a specialist when it is necessary. The role of a general practitioner may vary from country to country and from urban areas to rural areas.

According to the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP), the general practitioner is ‘most likely the first point of contact in matters of personal health who coordinates the care of patients and refers patients to other specialists, cares for patients in a whole of person approach and in the context of their work, family and community, cares for patients of all ages, both sexes, children and adults across all disease categories, cares for patients over a period of their lifetime, provides advice and education on health care, and performs legal processes such as certification of documents or provision of reports in relation to motor transport or work accidents’.

You may click here for more details of the role and responsibilities of a general practitioner, as outlined by the RACGP.

Click any of the subheads below to have a general idea of common medical systems and specialisations.


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